How to Copy Formulas in Excel Using Absolute Cell References

In: BlogDate: Apr 29, 2024By: Claire Lickman

When copying formulas in Excel, you'll find that sometimes it works and sometimes it doesn't. The key to making sure your formulas work every time is Absolute Cell References. This makes sure that your formula uses the same cell reference each time — wherever it is copied to.

Learn how to create an Absolute Cell Reference in this video with Senior Facilitator Gill — understanding how to use Absolute Cell References will allow you to confidently and efficiently expand on your Excel skills!

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Copying Formulas Using Absolute Cell References

Absolute Cell References, or adding in dollar signs ($) to your formulas, are absolutely essential when copying across formulas. It ensures that a formula will always refer to the same cell each time, rather than changing to another cell each time, for example when doing a multiplication that requires a fixed figure (such as VAT or conversion rates).

This tip is guaranteed save you time when working with Excel spreadsheets.

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Claire Lickman

Claire is Head of Marketing at Happy. She has worked at Happy since 2016, and is responsible for Happy's marketing strategy, website, social media and more. Claire first heard about Happy in 2012 when she attended a mix of IT and personal development courses. These courses were life-changing and she has been a fan of Happy ever since. She has a personal blog at

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