How to Create Partial Absolute Cell References in Excel

In: BlogDate: Jun 21, 2022By: Claire Lickman

In this two-minute video, Nicky explains how to create Partial Absolute Cell References in Microsoft Excel. Using Partial, or Mixed, Absolute Cell References, you can fix certain elements of a formula — either the row or the column reference, or both. This quick tip will save you lots of time when creating formulas in future!

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How to create Partial Absolute Cell References in Excel


Absolute Cell References, or adding in dollar signs ($) to your formulas, are absolutely essential when copying across formulas. It ensures that a formula will always refer to the same cell each time, rather than updating it to another cell each time it's copied. With a Partial Absolute Cell Reference, you can fix just certain elements of a formula — the row or the column reference, or both.

Partial or Mixed Absolute Cell References can save you lots of time when you need to create lots of calculations. In the short video above, Nicky uses this trick to calculate the price of different products in different currencies — without having to type in each formula individually, or separate ones for each column or each row.

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Claire Lickman

Claire is Head of Marketing at Happy. She has worked at Happy since 2016, and is responsible for Happy's marketing strategy, website, social media and more. Claire first heard about Happy in 2012 when she attended a mix of IT and personal development courses. These courses were life-changing and she has been a fan of Happy ever since. She has a personal blog at

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