How to Create Partial Absolute Cell References in Excel

In: BlogDate: Jun 21, 2022By: Claire Lickman

In this two-minute video, Nicky explains how to create Partial Absolute Cell References in Microsoft Excel. Using Partial, or Mixed, Absolute Cell References, you can fix certain elements of a formula — either the row or the column reference, or both. This quick tip will save you lots of time when creating formulas in future!

Hi, we are Happy

We are leading a movement to create happy, empowered and productive workplaces.

How can we help you and your people to find joy in at least 80% of your work?

More about Happy

How to create Partial Absolute Cell References in Excel

Absolute Cell References, or adding in dollar signs ($) to your formulas, are absolutely essential when copying across formulas. It ensures that a formula will always refer to the same cell each time, rather than updating it to another cell each time it's copied. With a Partial Absolute Cell Reference, you can fix just certain elements of a formula — the row or the column reference, or both.

Partial or Mixed Absolute Cell References can save you lots of time when you need to create lots of calculations. In the short video above, Nicky uses this trick to calculate the price of different products in different currencies — without having to type in each formula individually, or separate ones for each column or each row.

Related blogs

Why not sign up to our newsletter?

Sign up to our monthly newsletter, full of tips, tricks and news to help you to be happier and more productive at work.

Sign up here

Learn More on Our Excel for Advanced Users Course

If you use Excel for budgets, timesheets, reports or other data that needs calculating, then Happy's Excel for Advanced Users course is for you. 

This one-day course will improve your ability to organise and analyse data. You will learn ways to represent your data in a visual and readily understandable chart. Plus, learn more advanced functions such as VLOOKUP and nesting functions.

Join our next classroom session at Happy's HQ on 25th June or our Live Online Learning sessions on 11th July.

Find out more

Why learn online with Happy?

  • Interactive and engaging - just like our classroom sessions
  • Bitesize or full-day sessions - fit around your schedule
  • Learn from home - all you need is a quiet place to call from and an internet connection
  • IT Helpline - 2 years of free support after your course
  • No quibble money-back guarantee

Claire Lickman

Claire is Head of Marketing at Happy. She has worked at Happy since 2016, and is responsible for Happy's marketing strategy, website, social media and more. Claire first heard about Happy in 2012 when she attended a mix of IT and personal development courses. These courses were life-changing and she has been a fan of Happy ever since. She has a personal blog at

More by Claire